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10th March 2016
FCA set to discuss CASS Rules and the Special Administration Regime
The FCA have published a Discussion Paper (16/2) that looks to seek out feedback on a number of aspects of the client assets regime.
Of particular interest are the rules within CASS 7A that relate to client money distribution and their interaction with the Special Administration Regime (SAR).
Should an investment firm that holds client assets fail, its client estate is generally dealt with by the relevant insolvency practitioner (IP) in accordance with the Client Assets Sourcebook (section CASS 7A) and the Special Administration Regime (SAR).
Together, upon the failure of an investment firm, these two regimes look to ensure that client assets are returned to their owners as soon, and as intact, as possible.
The Special Administration Regime, or SAR, was established following the failure of Lehman Brothers in 2008. Created by the Treasury, SAR is a regime that specifically tackles insolvency for investment firms holding client assets.
The SAR lays out three particular objectives for administrators:
In 2013 HM Treasury commissioned Peter Bloxham to undertake an independent review of the SAR. Bloxham’s final report was published in January 2014 and contained various recommendations relating to SAR and CASS, as well as the procedures administrators undertake upon the failure of an investment firm.
The FCA last discussed proposals for the Client Assets regime in 2014, when consultation paper CP 13/5 was issued and followed up with Policy Statement PS14/9, entitled ‘Review of the client assets regime for investment business.’
DP 16/2 now sets out the FCA’s responses to both the recommendations made in Bloxham’s report, as well as to the ‘speed proposal’ that was previously raised by the FCA in CP13/5. This includes CP13/5 proposals relating to currency conversion, the definitions of a primary pooling event (PPE) and secondary pooling event, the treatment of post PPE receipts and additions to the CASS Resolution Pack.
Summary of topics DP16/2 raises:
At the same time, the regulator informs that HM Treasury is presently publishing a consultation containing a number of proposed changes to the SAR regime, which should be read alongside DP16/2 to fully comprehend the entire regime for the insolvency of a failed investment firm.
It is anticipated that once the finalised legislative changes to SAR have been made, the FCA will consult upon detailed changes to the CASS rules.
HM Treasury’s consultation closes on 20th April 2016 whilst comments on the topics discussed in the FCA’s DP16/2 should be provided to the FCA by 9th May 2016.
Client Money Rules Under Discussion (DP16/2)
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“This review is essential to ensure that the client money distribution rules work as well as possible with the insolvency legislation so that client assets are returned as soon as possible to customers after the failure of an investment firm. The discussion paper is a great opportunity for the industry to come forward and give us their views and opinions on this critical piece of work.”
Megan Butler, Executive Director of Supervision at the FCA, March 2016